¡Enhorabuena! Ya tienes la prueba número 5


¿Te imaginas que por tener la piel negra, no puedas sentarte en algunos sitios? ¿O ir al baño? Pues esto sucedía, hasta que alguien dijo basta. Ese alguien fue Rosa Parks. Lee el siguiente texto muy atentamente, necesitarás de él para escapar de esta sociedad. 

Rosa Parks, registrada al nacer con el nombre Rosa Louise Parks1​ (TuskegeeAlabama4 de febrero de 1913-DetroitMichigan24 de octubre de 2005), fue una figura importante del movimiento por los derechos civiles en Estados Unidos, en especial por haberse negado a ceder el asiento a un blanco y moverse a la parte trasera del autobús en Montgomery, Alabama (Estados Unidos), el día 1 de diciembre de 1955. Por tal acción acabó en la cárcel, lo que se cita frecuentemente como la chispa del movimiento, y se la reconoce como «la primera dama de los derechos civiles»,23​ si bien ya existía un precedente de otra joven mujer, Claudette Colvin, que había sido arrestada por la misma causa el 2 de marzo del mismo año, el de Irene Morgan diez años antes o el de Ida B. Wells 71 años antes.

Vida privada

Nacida Rosa Louise McCauley el 4 de febrero de 1913 en TuskegeeAlabamaEstados Unidos, hija de un matrimonio formado por el carpintero James McCauley y la maestra Leona Edwards. Tenía ascendencia africana, nativo americana, escocesa e irlandesa. Estudió en la escuela industrial Montgomery Industrial School for Girls y en el colegio para maestros Alabama State Teachers College. Cuando terminó sus estudios, contrajo matrimonio con Raymond Parks. El matrimonio vivía en una época en que la división, es decir, la segregación de las personas por raza, sobre todo a los negros, tenía una gran importancia en la mayor parte de los estados del sur estadounidense. De hecho la segregación no era solo social, sino que estaba refrendada por las leyes.
En 1950, Rosa se unió al movimiento de derechos civiles y se empleó como secretaria de la National Association for the Advancement of Colored People en Montgomery.

Incidente en el autobús

Rosa tenía 42 años cuando el 1 de diciembre del 1955, tomó un transporte colectivo para volver a su casa. En ese momento, los vehículos estaban señalizados con una línea: los blancos delante y los negros detrás. Así, la gente de raza negra subía al autobús, pagaba al conductor, se bajaba y subía de nuevo por la puerta trasera.9
Parks se acomodó en los asientos del medio, que podían usar los negros si ningún blanco lo requería. Cuando se llenó esa parte, el conductor le ordenó, junto a otros tres negros, que cedieran sus lugares a un joven blanco que acababa de subir. «Este ni siquiera había pedido el asiento», dijo después Parks en una entrevista a la BBC. Los otros se levantaron, pero ella permaneció inmóvil.10
El conductor trató de disuadirla. Debía ceder su asiento, es lo que marcaba la ley. «Voy a hacer que te arresten», le dijo el conductor. «Puede hacerlo», respondió ella. Cuando la policía le preguntó que por qué no se levantaba, contestó con otra pregunta: «¿Por qué todos ustedes están empujándonos por todos lados?».11
Fue encarcelada por su conducta, acusada de haber perturbado el orden.Ella decía en numerosas ocasiones: "Cambiaremos cuando todas caminemos juntas"

Derechos civiles y actividad política

En respuesta al encarcelamiento de Rosa, Martin Luther King, un pastor bautista relativamente desconocido en ese tiempo, condujo la protesta a los autobuses públicos de Montgomery, en los que colaboró también la activista y amiga de la infancia de Rosa Parks, Johnnie Carr, y que simplemente convocaba a la población afroamericana a organizarse para transportarse por sus propios medios y no tomar los autobuses. . Como los autobuses terminaron recibiendo pocos o ningún pasajero, comenzaron a dar déficit, por lo que se hizo necesario que la autoridad del transporte público terminara la práctica de segregación racial en los autobuses. Este suceso inició más protestas contra otras prácticas de segregación todavía vigentes.14
Mientras tanto, en 1956, la lucha judicial contra la ley segregacionista de Montgomery y Alabama llegó finalmente a la Corte Suprema de los Estados Unidos, que declaró inconstitucional la segregación en el transporte.15
Parks se convirtió en un icono del movimiento de derechos civiles. Se mudó a Detroit (Míchigan) a principios de la década de 1960 donde consiguió empleo con el representante afroamericano John Conyers del Partido Demócrata desde 1965 hasta 1988.


12 comentarios:

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      Hello my name is Kallya from USA i want to tell the world about the great and mighty spell caster called Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and no longer committed to me and our kids when i asked him what the problem was he told me he has fell out of love for me and wanted a divorce i was so heart broken i cried all day and night but he left home i was looking for something online when i saw an article how the great and powerful Priest Ade have helped so many in similar situation like mine he email address was there so i sent him an email telling him about my problem he told me he shall return back to me within 24hrs i did everything he asked me to do the nest day to my greatest surprise my husband came back home and was crying and begging for me to forgive and accept him back he can also help you contact
      ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com

      https://ancientspiritspellcast12.wordpress.com

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      Hello my fellow friends online I'm Diana Gilbert from USA, I want to use this medium to thank Dr Great because he brought back my Ex husband. my husband left me for his ex girlfriend he had before he married me it's a difficult situation for me I called and beg him to come back he refused he said he don't love me anymore I tried every possible way to get him back all was in vain I told my friend about it and she gave me Dr Great email and I emailed him and told him my problem and he told me what to do and I did it and he cast a love spell which brought back my husband within 24 hours. If you need help in getting back together with your Ex, email Dr Great at infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com WhatsApp him+2348118829899 view his website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me you can also visit my blog http://dianagilbert05.over-blog.com/







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      Hello my fellow friends online I'm Diana Gilbert from USA, I want to use this medium to thank Dr Great because he brought back my Ex husband. my husband left me for his ex girlfriend he had before he married me it's a difficult situation for me I called and beg him to come back he refused he said he don't love me anymore I tried every possible way to get him back all was in vain I told my friend about it and she gave me Dr Great email and I emailed him and told him my problem and he told me what to do and I did it and he cast a love spell which brought back my husband within 24 hours. If you need help in getting back together with your Ex, email Dr Great at infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com WhatsApp him+2348118829899 view his website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me you can also visit my blog http://dianagilbert05.over-blog.com/

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    Hello, I am Ledan Mini After being in relationship with Anderson for years, he broke up with me, I did everything possible to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so much because of the love I have for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to my friend and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back but I am the type that never believed in spell, I had no choice than to try it, I mailed the spell caster, and he told me there was no problem that everything will be okay before three days, that my ex will return to me before three days, he cast the spell and surprisingly in the second day, it was around 4 pm. My ex called me, I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that happened that he wanted me to return to him, that he loves me so much. I was so happy and went to him that was how we started living together happily again. Since then, I have made promise that anybody I know that have a relationship problem, I would be of help to such person by referring him or her to the only real and powerful spell caster who helped me with my own problem. email: Supernaturalspell@yahoo.com or supernaturalspell1@gmail.com
    whatsapp him { +2348124644470 }

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    Hello, I am Ledan Mini After being in relationship with Anderson for years, he broke up with me, I did everything possible to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so much because of the love I have for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to my friend and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back but I am the type that never believed in spell, I had no choice than to try it, I mailed the spell caster, and he told me there was no problem that everything will be okay before three days, that my ex will return to me before three days, he cast the spell and surprisingly in the second day, it was around 4 pm. My ex called me, I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that happened that he wanted me to return to him, that he loves me so much. I was so happy and went to him that was how we started living together happily again. Since then, I have made promise that anybody I know that have a relationship problem, I would be of help to such person by referring him or her to the only real and powerful spell caster who helped me with my own problem. email: Supernaturalspell@yahoo.com or supernaturalspell1@gmail.com
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  6. I URGENTLY NEED MY EX BACK WITH THE HELP OF A POWERFUL LOVE SPELL CASTER EMAIL PRIEST WISDOM ON SUPERNATURALSPELL@YAHOO.COM OR WHATSAPP HIM +2348124644470

    Hello, I am Ledan Mini After being in relationship with Anderson for years, he broke up with me, I did everything possible to bring him back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so much because of the love I have for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused. I explained my problem to my friend and she suggested that I should rather contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back but I am the type that never believed in spell, I had no choice than to try it, I mailed the spell caster, and he told me there was no problem that everything will be okay before three days, that my ex will return to me before three days, he cast the spell and surprisingly in the second day, it was around 4 pm. My ex called me, I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so sorry for everything that happened that he wanted me to return to him, that he loves me so much. I was so happy and went to him that was how we started living together happily again. Since then, I have made promise that anybody I know that have a relationship problem, I would be of help to such person by referring him or her to the only real and powerful spell caster who helped me with my own problem. email: Supernaturalspell@yahoo.com or supernaturalspell1@gmail.com
    whatsapp him { +2348124644470 }

    https://supernaturalspell1.blogspot.com/

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  7. POWERFUL SPELL CASTER THAT BROUGHT MY EX HUSBAND BACK INTO MY LIFE AFTER HE LEFT ME EMAIL HIM VIA EMAIL INFINITYLOVESPELL@GMAIL.COM OR INFINITYLOVESPELL@YAHOO.COM ADD HIM ON WHATSAPP +2348118829899

    Hello my fellow friends online I'm Diana Gilbert from USA, I want to use this medium to thank Dr Great because he brought back my Ex husband. my husband left me for his ex girlfriend he had before he married me it's a difficult situation for me I called and beg him to come back he refused he said he don't love me anymore I tried every possible way to get him back all was in vain I told my friend about it and she gave me Dr Great email and I emailed him and told him my problem and he told me what to do and I did it and he cast a love spell which brought back my husband within 24 hours. If you need help in getting back together with your Ex, email Dr Great at infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com WhatsApp him+2348118829899 view his website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me you can also visit my blog http://dianagilbert05.over-blog.com/

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